Area: 13,810 sq km
Of Gediz in western Anatolia and the Manisa Spil Mountain, an important point in terms of access to the Aegean Region in the agricultural, commercial and industrial point of bringing up an advanced. Date BC Provinces in the years of 3000 down to the Hittite, Phrygian, Lydian, Macedonian, Roman, Byzantine, Emirates and there are traces of the Ottoman civilizations. Throughout history, culture and art are concentrated, the trade routes passed Manisa, cultural and natural riches of the interesting vacation possibilities.
Region of Manisa, and there is little information about pre-history. Salihli Sindel Village in the Paleolithic Era (Stone Age), proving the lives of human communities in the region and fossil footprints dating from about 26,000 years ago, are exhibited. Kirkağaç Yortan tombs located in the village, different? culture of a graves belong to the Bronze Age.
Hermessos and Caicos or the name of the present valleys of the Gediz and established Bakırcay Tantalis (Manisa) and Thyateira (Akhisar) The first known settlements in the region.
Manisa, who migrated to the vicinity of Mount Pelion Greece Thessaly region is estimated to have been founded by Magnets. BC Region It was affected by the Hittites in the years 1450-1200. Presence in the region shows a relief of the Hittite fertility goddess Cybele. BC Kızılırmak'a the Lydians arrived, and until the 1200s have been dominated all western Anatolia. Historically, the first money in the state issuing the guarantee of the present capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, Sardis (Sart) was the city. Paktalos (Sart), Stream and was famous for the gold mine. Power and richness of the Kingdom of Lydia, a famous last name has become synonymous with the King Krezüs'ün. However, BC Destroyed by the Persians in 546. including many large and small tumuli representing works from this period contains Bintepeler Role.
Regional BC BC 546 years Persia was ruled until 334. During this period, an important commercial center of Sardis. BC Passing through Thrace to Anatolia in 334, Alexander the Great, the Persians defeated the armies advanced towards Syria and put an end to the sovereignty of Persia. BC Alexander the Great Satrapies struggle with each other after the death in 323 BC Empire of Alexander the Great in 301 the end of the period, the most important works getirmiştir.Bu Örenyeri'ndeki Sardis Temple of Artemis.
Then, came under sovereignty of the Kingdom of Bergama region. Major cities in the Philadelphia region (Philadelphia), the name of the kings of the period II. Attalos has Philadelphos. III, Pergamon. After the death of Attalos (BC 133), have been transferred to the management of his will on the Roman Empire. Anno Domini Occurring in the 17 major earthquakes in the region of Magnesia, Thyateira, Sardis, Philadelphia and all the settlements, such as the emperor Tiberius' contributions largely been destroyed has been rebuilt.
Revitalized production and trade in the region during the Roman period, the valley of the Gediz and Bakırcay new varieties added to the existing agricultural products. Anno Domini Theodosius shared the Empire in 395, between two sons and Manisa and its surroundings remained within the borders of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Westward spread of Christianity, Philadelphia, Sardis and played an important role Thyateira cities. Magnesia was also the first who adopted this religion has become an important center of episcopacy.
edilince center of the empire by the Latins occupied Istanbul in 1204 moved to Iznik. Ducas emperor Iannes Vatatzes sit for a while due to more than thirty years of Magnesia, economic, social and strategic perspective has become one of the most important cities of Western Anatolia, and acted as the center of the empire. the emperor died in 1255 in Manisa and embedded here in the location of his tomb is not certain. Sardis, Philadelphia, Thyateira and Castle ruins Byzantine era ruins of Magnesia. Manisa Latins Istanbul lost its importance in 1261 is declined.
Regaip-Fitr from October 25-26 on the night of 1313, which corresponds Manisa Alpage Saruhan Bey's son and was conquered by the soldiers under the command center was transformed into the principality of Saruhanoguls. Saruhan Bey's tomb in the center of the city, who died in 1346. Ilyas Bey's son instead of before, and the principality of his death was the most glorious periods Ishak Bey Çelebi had survived. Ulu Mosque and Medrese, the Mevlevi, and numerous works, such as pit Hammam Ishak Çelebi brought to the city. Presumably, towards the year 1390 had died and was buried in his tomb built.
Manisa in 1391 joined the Ottoman Empire by Yıldırım Bayezid, Timur after the Battle of Ankara, but the region has again returned to their previous owners. In 1412 the Çelebi Mehmed definitely has instilled under Ottoman rule in Manisa, and made an administrative unit under the name Orient Express ensign. Between the years 1437-1595 reign of the Ottoman princes Manisa gained significant political experience, has become one of the centers. During this period, II. Murad, Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, Suleiman the Magnificent, II. Selim III. Murad III. Jack and I. Mustafa also sitting on the throne of the Ottoman sultans, such as that in the 16 princes of the provinces in Manisa made.
During this period maiyyetlerindekiler Manisa, princes and mosques, madrasas, khans, baths, soup kitchen, fountains, hospitals, bridges and monuments Many foundations have erected as a library. Some of them survive to this day. II. At the Imperial Palace which was built by Sultan Murad I in-time has been defeated in several works.
16. which is generally quiet until the end of a century after this date, all Anatolia Saruhan prefacture movements begin to appear, such as banditry. Ongoing for about two centuries bandit, suhte (madrasa student) and Sipahis talanlarından region have suffered extensive damage and looting. 18. control of the region since the second half century of such movements, which largely ended Karaosmanoğulları.
Armistice Armistice 7 May 15, 1919 based on the article in the Greek occupation of the region begins. Homeland istihlâsı during the occupation, the center of Manisa, the Society-i Müderrisîn, Demirci Müdafa'ai Law-u Osmani, GORDES Telkilatu Movement of the Nation, Homeland Kurkapaç'da şstihlâs-u, Kula şlhak Redd-i, Soma ' Müdafa'ai Law and the Law-u Osmani Turgutlu Müdafa'ai adlu Societies established Greek ilgaline Karluk verilmiltir struggles.
Battle Field 1922 Dumlupunar Apustos sonuçlanmasu victory over 30 P komutasundaki Fahreddin corps moving şzmir'e dopru direnilini kurmultur Greek. The Greeks and Greek Cypriots who fled towards the city of Izmir native burned in the fire that lasted for days gained great cultural heritage is an important part of history was lost to Manisa. Greek occupation of nearly three years on September 8, 1922 liberated the city.
Province in 1923, the city's name as Saruhan, Manisa in 1927, as amended. During the re-zoning of the Republic of Manisa which, in terms of road and rail transport is an important point. Agricultural, trade and industry in terms of our country has developed between the cities.
Manisa, 38 ° 04 '- 39 ° 58' north latitude and 27 ° 08 '- 29 ° 05' east longitude, is located in between. The main section of the Aegean province of Aegean Region, north, Balikesir, Kutahya in the northeast, east, Usak, Denizli in the southeast, south, Aydin and Izmir, Izmir Province in the west and is surrounded with.
Topography: The Gediz depression contained in the Manisa province center 71 m. in height. Increasing in height towards the north east, and Demirci town center, 850 m. reaches a height.
important mountains of the province, which is the highest mountain in the region Bozdaglar (Kumpınar 2070 m), slopes of the central committee of the provincial Spil (Karatepe 1517 m) and Yunt Mountain (1074 m Peak Nemrut) is. Smith Mountains, Manisa, Kütahya, Balıkesir borders creates and 1800 m. The highest point of visiting the hill. Mountains, south-western extension of the Çomaklı blacksmith and the highest point Aysekizi Dibek Mountains Peak 1034 meters. Running parallel to the River, 1135 m. Dağı'da Philadelphia Uysal high.
The north-eastern provinces of the east of the blacksmith, reaching the plateau is composed of up to 1000 m around Gordes and Kula. Kula volcanic field about 12,000 years ago, the most recent time they have shown activity in western Anatolia is one of the most important geological formations.
Depresyonik between Bozdaglar Yunt Mountains area in the plains have a lot in the Manisa. Some of these Gediz, Bakırcay, Philadelphia, Salihli, Turgutlu plains.
Salihli and tectonic occurring between the towns of Gölmarmara, with an altitude of 74 meters, approximately 12-square-km area covering are Marmara Lake. There are three of Manisa in the dam. These Demirköprü, Afshar and services, dams. Gordes Baraj'ı also under construction.
climate: Manisa; makroklima under Mediterranean climate conditions. transition point of the province is located in the northeastern Mediterranean climate and terrestrial climate. The average annual temperature is 16.8 ° C, the warmest month and the July average 34.4 ° C in the coldest months of January average 3.0 ° C dir.Yıllık average rainfall is 740 mm, with the semi-arid character.
Vegetation and Natural Life: Mediterranean climate conditions, the first plant in the province, depending on cluster pine. Then shows the prevalence of common species of lemur. Temperate climate, with cold black pines in mountainous sections of the industry as a plant height of 850 m and then shows the existence of. Another common tree species of the region, especially in the acorn the oak species.
Spil National park which is rich in wild life in the rabbit, fox, wolves, jackals, boars, martens, badgers, hedgehogs and squirrels frequently, red-legged partridge and ruffed grouse in the more rare animals. Passerine birds of prey and many species of birds, just born, there are hawks and eagles. In addition, the field is permitted and deer, the deer and partridge Generating Station Muradiye produced, preserved areas and released pheasants can be heard.
Manisa region, favorable climate, arable land due to the width and efficiency, the product can be a few years in some places, is a province of the head and is widely grown garden. The diversity of vegetables and fruits, as well as the possibility of using very fresh ingredients and local cuisine is an important feature. In addition to these elements, history and cuisine of the effects of immigration have been de Manisa, a mixture of different food cultures enriched the local cuisine.
Almost all of the major varieties of Turkish cuisine to participate in the local cuisine, with recipes given below in terms of the property to supply the area's unique care has been taken or is widely used in the recipes.
Environmental conditions in the traditional clothing of Manisa region, shows that differences in factors such as social and economic situation. In recent years, due to the rapid development of transportation and communication, showing the local feature clothing, modern clothing left the place, rather than the traditional clothing has been worn on certain days or during ceremonies.
As a two-day embroidered apparel is used to write the head harness. Edges of the flakes, beads or vegetable items (cloves, wheat stalk, etc.) are covered entertained the first to write a triangular deal done, wandering around the ends under the chin, neck or connected to the hill. Writing to another part of the triangle will be rolled forward to the future is connected to forehead.
Hilly on the back cover on special occasions, or silver mance frontal forehead, cheek bones on both sides or the ends of the rocking tozaklar ÇİTLENBİK cheeks made of wood mounted. Engaged girls and new brides get to the top bird cloth ties. Al in the form of square and triangular-shaped cloth embroidered doubled baılanır nape of the neck, such as writing. Above all, such as scales, can be processed, only the overlapping part of the triangle is also committed. The edges of the fringe, beads, sequins or embroidery is done.
Clothing, cotton fabric to the bottom of the shirt is worn inside the body. Usually ends of the arms and skirt with collar edges or nakışlanır Lounge.
According to the intended use of baggy flannel, satin or velvet, is made. Shalwar legs with rubber, knee length at the level of the network.
In some areas inside the shirt on the "boring" so-called, ending under the chest length, sleeveless, vest-type garment worn on the front.
After completion of the internal harness, worn round the ankle down to the üçetek. Üçetek as well as satin, çitare, Beşyol, given names, such as a railroad-striped fabrics are also made. üçeteğin internal primer, at arm's length bolero arm is 10-15 cm long. According to local differences, making the rounds on the back of the waist part of the two front üçeteğin, it has been released in various forms, such as would be connected. In some places, instead of üçetek also seen wearing a long kirtle.
Coarse fabric woven in the area at the back of the waist and the top of Üçeteğin, the back ends of the holly (at the waist, dongurdaklı generation) is connected. The front section of the "çekki", "before" associated with names such as connected to the apron. Aprons, such as mohair, wool, hand-woven fabrics can be made, where the fabric is white or colored stock. Colored tassel ends of ropes above the apron and skirt or ruffle sewn nakışlanır. According to the economic status of the family silver or the BAFO belt attached to the waist.
Traditional dress for women's dress worn on top. In the past the jacket of purple velvet, front, back, arms rendered in the sim, or gilded silver, in the astarlanırdı. Today, however, because of not having this kind of "ilban called" satin fabric with embroidered jackets worn in the till. ilbadelerin arm, collar and skirt are decorated with bits Sütaş or scales.
Get up, woven, short-sleeved, embroidered or plain colored socks are worn. Shoes made the buffalo gönünden, is to be raised up to the tip of the nose "into the sky overlooking the" so-called konçu ankle wrap sandal boots worn with height.
It is not possible to find the area using traditional male clothes. This contemporary clothing clothing left at the location. However, in accordance with the originals, folk dance performances to wear clothes.
Primarily located in the red fez. Adorned with colorful embroidery on the fez wrapped in writing. Çitare the body, or the so-called raw cloth made of fabric, collar, open front long-sleeved top.
On the narrow-cut shirt, long under the chest, ending a long-sleeved, short jacket worn with liner inside. Traditional dress is usually blue or gray gabardine fabric or cloth, front, back and arms with gilt or black kaytanla processed.
Camedan or eagle's wing, called parts, short jacket worn over. In front, short jacket open and düğmesizdir for embroidery can be seen. The wing was erected, called the shoulder to the body parts. All body and black wings kaytanla processed.
Worn for protection under the worst of the weather folk poturun "Karadon" is usually black in color. In the form of a narrow-cut trousers karadonun lastiklidir waist. Potur are blue or gray fabric. From the front side of the leg part of the black kaytanla processed. Heading his waist, the potur, plenty goes below the belt, not the network. Height at the level of the knee.
Waist, 20 cm wide, the gap between cepkenle potur, cotton or woolen fabrics "waist belt" wrapped. Then wrapped in shawls. Names according to where they touched, this generations "Tripoli-generation" or "beginner shawl" is also. More visible on the front of the waist belt, because armed, smoke, watch chain, pistov, mounted accessories such as napkins.
Up, the color of raw wool, worn socks nakışsız. Bellows boots, black, leather-based, leather-lined interior and konçu extends from the knee cap.
- Manisa Museum, Muradiye Mosque, Ulu Mosque and the Sultan Mosque and the mosque complex scattering Mesir toothpaste without traveling,
- Salihli-Gölmarmara tumulus on the way up to 90 (of royal tombs) in the Region Visiting the Bintepeler,
- Visit the town of Kula, Kula homes, traditional crafts bazaar on still being carried out, the fairy chimneys, lava flows and seeing and Kula Volcano Divlit shut casserole, sweet and grassy pidelerini and höşmerimini or eating, leblebisinden Tasting