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manisaArea: 13,810 sq km
Population: 1,260,169 (2000)
Of Gediz in western Anatolia and the Manisa Spil Mountain, an important point in terms of access to the Aegean Region in the agricultural, commercial and industrial point of bringing up an advanced. Date BC Provinces in the years of 3000 down to the Hittite, Phrygian, Lydian, Macedonian, Roman, Byzantine, Emirates and there are traces of the Ottoman civilizations. Throughout history, culture and art are concentrated, the trade routes passed Manisa, cultural and natural riches of the interesting vacation possibilities.
Region of Manisa, and there is little information about pre-history. Salihli Sindel Village in the Paleolithic Era (Stone Age), proving the lives of human communities in the region and fossil footprints dating from about 26,000 years ago, are exhibited. Kirkağaç Yortan tombs located in the village, different? culture of a graves belong to the Bronze Age.
Hermessos and Caicos or the name of the present valleys of the Gediz and established Bakırcay Tantalis (Manisa) and Thyateira (Akhisar) The first known settlements in the region.
Then, came under sovereignty of the Kingdom of Bergama region. Major cities in the Philadelphia region (Philadelphia), the name of the kings of the period II. Attalos has Philadelphos. III, Pergamon. After the death of Attalos (BC 133), have been transferred to the management of his will on the Roman Empire. Anno Domini Occurring in the 17 major earthquakes in the region of Magnesia, Thyateira, Sardis, Philadelphia and all the settlements, such as the emperor Tiberius' contributions largely been destroyed has been rebuilt.
Revitalized production and trade in the region during the Roman period, the valley of the Gediz and Bakırcay new varieties added to the existing agricultural products. Anno Domini Theodosius shared the Empire in 395, between two sons and Manisa and its surroundings remained within the borders of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Westward spread of Christianity, Philadelphia, Sardis and played an important role Thyateira cities. Magnesia was also the first who adopted this religion has become an important center of episcopacy.
Regaip-Fitr from October 25-26 on the night of 1313, which corresponds Manisa Alpage Saruhan Bey's son and was conquered by the soldiers under the command center was transformed into the principality of Saruhanoguls. Saruhan Bey's tomb in the center of the city, who died in 1346. Ilyas Bey's son instead of before, and the principality of his death was the most glorious periods Ishak Bey Çelebi had survived. Ulu Mosque and Medrese, the Mevlevi, and numerous works, such as pit Hammam Ishak Çelebi brought to the city. Presumably, towards the year 1390 had died and was buried in his tomb built.
Manisa in 1391 joined the Ottoman Empire by Yıldırım Bayezid, Timur after the Battle of Ankara, but the region has again returned to their previous owners. In 1412 the Çelebi Mehmed definitely has instilled under Ottoman rule in Manisa, and made an administrative unit under the name Orient Express ensign. Between the years 1437-1595 reign of the Ottoman princes Manisa gained significant political experience, has become one of the centers. During this period, II. Murad, Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, Suleiman the Magnificent, II. Selim III. Murad III. Jack and I. Mustafa also sitting on the throne of the Ottoman sultans, such as that in the 16 princes of the provinces in Manisa made.
Province in 1923, the city's name as Saruhan, Manisa in 1927, as amended. During the re-zoning of the Republic of Manisa which, in terms of road and rail transport is an important point. Agricultural, trade and industry in terms of our country has developed between the cities.
Manisa, 38 ° 04 '- 39 ° 58' north latitude and 27 ° 08 '- 29 ° 05' east longitude, is located in between. The main section of the Aegean province of Aegean Region, north, Balikesir, Kutahya in the northeast, east, Usak, Denizli in the southeast, south, Aydin and Izmir, Izmir Province in the west and is surrounded with.
Topography: The Gediz depression contained in the Manisa province center 71 m. in height. Increasing in height towards the north east, and Demirci town center, 850 m. reaches a height.
important mountains of the province, which is the highest mountain in the region Bozdaglar (Kumpınar 2070 m), slopes of the central committee of the provincial Spil (Karatepe 1517 m) and Yunt Mountain (1074 m Peak Nemrut) is. Smith Mountains, Manisa, Kütahya, Balıkesir borders creates and 1800 m. The highest point of visiting the hill. Mountains, south-western extension of the Çomaklı blacksmith and the highest point Aysekizi Dibek Mountains Peak 1034 meters. Running parallel to the River, 1135 m. Dağı'da Philadelphia Uysal high.
Depresyonik between Bozdaglar Yunt Mountains area in the plains have a lot in the Manisa. Some of these Gediz, Bakırcay, Philadelphia, Salihli, Turgutlu plains.
There are the two most important rivers. These are the Gediz (384 km) and Bakırcay (204 km) is.
Salihli and tectonic occurring between the towns of Gölmarmara, with an altitude of 74 meters, approximately 12-square-km area covering are Marmara Lake. There are three of Manisa in the dam. These Demirköprü, Afshar and services, dams. Gordes Baraj'ı also under construction.
Manisa region, favorable climate, arable land due to the width and efficiency, the product can be a few years in some places, is a province of the head and is widely grown garden. The diversity of vegetables and fruits, as well as the possibility of using very fresh ingredients and local cuisine is an important feature. In addition to these elements, history and cuisine of the effects of immigration have been de Manisa, a mixture of different food cultures enriched the local cuisine.
In some areas inside the shirt on the "boring" so-called, ending under the chest length, sleeveless, vest-type garment worn on the front.
Coarse fabric woven in the area at the back of the waist and the top of Üçeteğin, the back ends of the holly (at the waist, dongurdaklı generation) is connected. The front section of the "çekki", "before" associated with names such as connected to the apron. Aprons, such as mohair, wool, hand-woven fabrics can be made, where the fabric is white or colored stock. Colored tassel ends of ropes above the apron and skirt or ruffle sewn nakışlanır. According to the economic status of the family silver or the BAFO belt attached to the waist.
Get up, woven, short-sleeved, embroidered or plain colored socks are worn. Shoes made the buffalo gönünden, is to be raised up to the tip of the nose "into the sky overlooking the" so-called konçu ankle wrap sandal boots worn with height.
It is not possible to find the area using traditional male clothes. This contemporary clothing clothing left at the location. However, in accordance with the originals, folk dance performances to wear clothes.
Primarily located in the red fez. Adorned with colorful embroidery on the fez wrapped in writing. Çitare the body, or the so-called raw cloth made of fabric, collar, open front long-sleeved top.
On the narrow-cut shirt, long under the chest, ending a long-sleeved, short jacket worn with liner inside. Traditional dress is usually blue or gray gabardine fabric or cloth, front, back and arms with gilt or black kaytanla processed.
Worn for protection under the worst of the weather folk poturun "Karadon" is usually black in color. In the form of a narrow-cut trousers karadonun lastiklidir waist. Potur are blue or gray fabric. From the front side of the leg part of the black kaytanla processed. Heading his waist, the potur, plenty goes below the belt, not the network. Height at the level of the knee.
Waist, 20 cm wide, the gap between cepkenle potur, cotton or woolen fabrics "waist belt" wrapped. Then wrapped in shawls. Names according to where they touched, this generations "Tripoli-generation" or "beginner shawl" is also. More visible on the front of the waist belt, because armed, smoke, watch chain, pistov, mounted accessories such as napkins.
Do not Leave Without
- Manisa Museum, Muradiye Mosque, Ulu Mosque and the Sultan Mosque and the mosque complex scattering Mesir toothpaste without traveling,
- Weeping Rock Niobeyi without seeing
- Spil national park to visit and, without seeing the wild horses,
- Aigai strolling around the ancient city,
- The ancient city of Sardis and the Temple of Artemis, seeing,
- Salihli-Gölmarmara tumulus on the way up to 90 (of royal tombs) in the Region Visiting the Bintepeler,
- Salihli near the town of fossil footprints dating back 15,000 to 25,000 years without seeing
- Visit the town of Kula, Kula homes, traditional crafts bazaar on still being carried out, the fairy chimneys, lava flows and seeing and Kula Volcano Divlit shut casserole, sweet and grassy pidelerini and höşmerimini or eating, leblebisinden Tasting
- Soma - Darkale the village without seeing